1. Конспект для учителя по теме «Отработка заданий 1, 2, 3-9»

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В статье размещены задания (1-9) из части по аудированию в экзамене по английскому языку. Информация пригодится для подготовки к ЕГЭ.

  • Время на выполнение заданий раздела – 30 минут
  • Задание 1 нацелено на соответствие высказываний и утверждений
  • Задание 2 - True, False, Not Stated
  • Задания 3–9 - выбор варианта ответа
  • Длительность звучания одного аудиотрека – до 3-4 минут, далее – единоразовое повторное воспроизведение. Все паузы включены в запись.

Алгоритм выполнения задания 1

  1. Внимательно прочитать задание и прослушать инструкции. Нужно понять, каков общий контекст и что общего у шести говорящих.
  2. Прочитать 7 утверждений. Выделить те сведения, упоминание которых нужно будет постараться услышать в записи.
  3. При первом прослушивании отметить особенности говорящих, которые помогут их запомнить, а также слова или фразы, которые согласуются с выделенными сведениями.
  4. Прослушать высказывание до конца прежде чем принимать решение. Не давать ответ слишком быстро.
  5. Прослушать запись повторно и сделать окончательный выбор.
  6. Занести полученную комбинацию цифр в бланк ответов № 1 без пробелов.

Алгоритм выполнения задания 2

  1. Прочитать утверждения – на это дается примерно 20 секунд.
  2. Выделить ключевые слова. Это поможет понять, на какие сведения обращать внимание.
  3. Быть особенно внимательным к отрицательным конструкциям.
  4. Прослушать запись в первый раз и только потом отвечать.
  5. Помнить, что ответы должны основываться на сведениях из текста, а не на личном мнении или опыте!
  6. Прослушать запись во второй раз и дать все ответы.
  7. Занести полученную комбинацию цифр в бланк ответов № 1 без пробелов.

Алгоритм выполнения задания 3 (вопросы 3-9)

  1. Быстро прочитать вопрос.
  2. Выделить важные слова.
  3. Понять, какие сведения вам нужно услышать – о чьем-то действии, о том, когда действие совершилось или о чем-то еще.
  4. Не концентрироваться слишком сильно на вариантах ответа 1, 2 и 3.
  5. Прослушать запись в первый раз, помня о том, какие сведения нужно уловить.
  6. Самостоятельно дать ответ в уме и сравнить его с вариантами 1, 2 и 3.
  7. Прослушать запись еще раз и проверить правильность выбора ответа.

Баллы, которые можно получить за блок "Аудирование"

  • Понимание основного содержания прослушанного текста (количество заданий - 1, максимальный первичный балл - 6);
  • Понимание в прослушанном тексте запрашиваемой информации (количество заданий - 1, максимальный первичный балл - 7);
  • Полное понимание прослушанного текста (количество заданий - 7, максимальный первичный балл - 7).

Максимальное количество баллов за аудирование - 20.

Расшифровка записи и пояснение к заданию 1

Speaker A. For my work practice I worked at Middle School. Over the two weeks I watched the teachers and worked with the children. I interacted with the pupils and helped encourage them to learn during their lessons. Teaching and working with children was much harder than I expected it to be, it isn’t a simple job. A full classroom of children can be very hard to control, so I have total respect for teachers now.

Speaker В. For my work practice I worked at the City Hospital. I think it is good to get some work experience because we get to see what it is like to work somewhere. I had a lot of different jobs to do: I helped make beds, take people’s pulse and blood pressure, make tea or coffee for the patients in the ward, serve lunches at lunchtime and get people’s notes ready. I enjoyed talking to the patients, bringing a smile to their faces.

Speaker С. I worked at a big store. I really didn’t enjoy myself and I think it was really a waste of time. During the day I worked from 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. putting products on shelves. I got a morning break, a lunch hour and an afternoon break which was very good! Some of the time I was able to work on the customer help desk in the store. I wasn’t given much responsibility and wasn’t taught anything new during the day.

Speaker D. Now I am working in a department store and I like it but I clearly remember my first impressions. They were like OH MY GOD look how long I have to work and OH MY GOD I have to wear a horrible looking uniform! I was really afraid to call the store to arrange my first visit. But after I had spoken to the manager and she had answered all my questions some of my fears were gone.

Speaker E. I worked at a graphics company. During my two weeks I basically did nothing except helping the staff to deliver things and collect equipment. The worst part of my work experience was at the beginning when I didn’t have a lot to do. I was sitting watching people work, but as the days went on, I was given more responsibility. I really enjoyed my time at work practice and found it really interesting.

Speaker F. I worked with children, helping out in Physical Education classes during the day and attending clubs and matches after school. The children were aged between 9 and 13. My best moment was helping children to play cricket. I really enjoy sport and enjoy the interaction with others. So working with children or something to do with sports is what I would like to do when I become an adult.

A−6: A full classroom of children can be very hard to control, so I have total respect for teachers now.

B−4: I had a lot of different jobs to do...I enjoyed talking to the patients, bringing a smile to their faces.

C−2: I wasn’t given much responsibility and wasn’t taught any thing new during the day.

D−7: MY GOD I have to wear a horrible looking uniform! I was really afraid to call the store to arrange my first visit.

E−1: but as the days went on, I was given more responsibility. I really enjoyed my time at work practice and found it really interesting.

F−5: So working with children or something to do with sports is what I would like to do when I become an adult.

Расшифровка записи и пояснение к заданию 2

A−1. Lisa: I’m going to Taiwan on a business trip.

В−2. I don’t always like the whole process of checking in at the airport because it takes a lot of time but somehow I’ve got used to queuing and stay calm. (т.е. она остается спокойной)

С−1. But as soon as I’m in the plane and the doors close, I love it. No one can contact me. I can’t contact any one else. There are free movies playing and the food comes. It’s wonderful.

D−2. Well, when I go on business trips my working day is up to 14 hours. In terms of my workload, it’s a lot busier than when I am at home.

E−3. Нет информации.

F−1. ... unfortunately, go to the duty-free shop. I say unfortunately, ‘cause it’s unfortunate for my credit card, not really unfortunate for me. I go to the duty-free shop. Normally I buy some perfume or cosmetics.

G−3. Нет информации.

Расшифровка записи и пояснение к заданию 3

Presenter: Here we are then from Radio 1 and in a corridor with Spin, a pop-star.
Speaker: Hello.
Presenter: Spin, is this your name then?
Speaker: No, it’s not; it’s just that most people think that ‘Crispin’ is too embarrassing to call me. They call me Spin because it’s the only kind of abbreviation that you can make from a terrible name like Crispin.
Presenter: Fine.
Speaker: It’s not my fault, you know; it’s my parents’. From a very early age, when they called me it, I would cry for month sin my cot, and they didn’t know why, because I couldn’t explain that it was because they’d named me Crispin. But then I got it out of my system. It could have been worse; I could have been called Darrell.
Presenter: Where did you study?
Speaker: Yeah, my parents said over and over again that university could improve my chances of career development. So, I went to Sheffield. I did philosophy and theology but I dropped out after two years. I took a year off to get in to pop music, and I always thought I might go back, but I’d never enjoyed school. And I used to get in to a real panic before the exams. In fact, even now I feel nervous about all this stuff and the idea of going back never happened. No, I don’t really like universities as places, to be honest. They give me the creeps.
Presenter: What were you like then when you first went to college?
Speaker: You know, I was 18, and I was in to this kind of Communist thing, and I thought I was a real Communist but it never occurred to me to join the Communist Party. We got a house of our own, and we were the only people in the whole of Sheffield University to have a house of our own so it became like a commune and we were like members of some secret society. In fact, our secret life was rather innocent. You know, everyone would come around, and there’d be 20 or 30 people there having parties.
Presenter: Have you learned much in this last year? Because, you know, you’ve just grown, and people’s respect for you has grown so much in the last year.
Speaker: We were pretty much ignored last year. And then it started changing for our people all of a sudden this year. I think it’s because everyone’s kind of revived themselves. We brought back to life some forgotten ideas and we also got interested in folk music. I think we’re doing something new now. Our work is really creative and rewarding. This is the greatest satisfaction of my life. I’ve met many people, some of whom have been an inspiration to me. That really is Hollywood. It turns into a film; it’s just like a fantasy world.
Presenter: Have you written any new songs then? Is there an album coming out?
Speaker: There is. I’ve got a kind of library of ideas. But the problem is that I have to be on my own. It’s like, you know, when you’re a little kid, and you’re playing in the corner of the living room with your cars or whatever. You’re in the middle of this fantasy, and the moment you notice your mum saying ‘Ah, how sweet,’ and looking at you, the magic charm disappears instantly. But I’ve increased this library, and I’m going to leave in December. I’m going to rent a cottage in the middle of nowhere, and work really hard.
Presenter: You’re one of the few pop-stars that we never hear talking about cars or your bank account. What do you do with your money? Better yet, what’s the first expensive thing you bought?
Speaker: The first expensive thing that I bought was a house.
Presenter: What was it like owning your first home?
Speaker: At the time I bought it, I had no idea how famous I really was. It was a cross the street from a school and we had kids coming across all day knocking on the door. It was crazy. The house was on a main road, it was a busy road full of cars but that didn’t bother me. The problem was the people around. Sometimes when I went out I had to cover up most of my face. So we put an end to all these problems, sold the house, lost a part of money and bought a new house. That’s probably the best invest ment I’ve made, my new house.
Presenter: It all sounds as though you don’t like your fame and your fans.
Speaker: Why? Music fans are among the most reason able groups of people in the whole world.
Presenter: Sounds great! Do you me an that fans going wild at the concerts are perfectly reasonable?
Speaker: You know, I don’t like people to go wild. But I’m sure that keeping feelings of irritation and annoyance bottled up is a really bad idea. For starters, where would you find a bottle big enough to contain the oceans of anger created by someone calling your favorite band ‘rubbish’ or ‘good dinner-party music’? If you leave all that stuff inside, you’re asking for headaches and other health problems. So, let your emotion sout!

Пояснение к домашнему заданию

Пояснение к заданию 1

Speaker A. I’ve always read books for comfort, and when I was in London, as a participant of an exchange programme, scared and lost, so far from my family and friends, I simply found a book store and bought the first two Harry Potter books there. I read them both in one night and then over and over again. It wasn’t just comfort, it was like I found a good friendin a place where I had none, and I certainly became braver.

Speaker В. Harry Potter books have influenced me greatly. They helped me to understand that honesty, friendship and love are all we need. Now I look at the future in a more positive way than I had done before reading these books which speak’ about friendship. Harry Potter is never alone. When he does something difficult or frightening, his friends are always around and they give him all the help he needs.

Speaker С. The best thing Harry Potter books have given me is a philosophy for life. I found it in the words of Harry himself, his friends and other people around him. When I face problems, I remember some phrases from the books and I keep on fighting. I don’t give up, because Harry never does. I’ve known before, that theoretically there is no such a thing as a hopeless situation, but now I truly believe it.

Speaker D. I’ve always liked reading. And I love the fact that Harry Potter books have given me my own private magical world. When I read Harry Potter, I feel so glad that I have a wonderful secret that no one else knows. I get the feeling that the books put every thing around me into a different, magical light, and the world of Harry Potter comes into mine, making ordinary things and people look strange.

Speaker E. Before I read Harry Potter books, and became interested in them, I didn’t read too much. I just didn’t understand what books could do. But after reading Harry Potter, I felt that I was in his world, and I thought, well, maybe otherс books can do that too. Now I just love reading, and the pleasure that I get from reading has become possible only because of that first Harry Potter book.

Speaker F. Harry Potter books have helped me in many ways. For example, last year I had to take my final exams and I was under a lot of stress because of that. Harry. Potter characters also have a lot of exams and when I felt especially stressed and worried, I read those passages from the books and felt a little better, as if I was sharing my problems with friends. And the funny moments in the books cheered me up.

A−3: I simply found a book store and bought the first two Harry Potter books there. I read them both in one night and then over and over again. It wasn’t just comfort, it was like I found a good friend in a place where I had none, and I certainly became braver.

B−7: They helped me to understand that honesty, friendship and love are all we need.

C−6: When I face problems, I remember some phrases from the books and I keep on fighting. I don’t give up.

D−1 — I get the feeling that the books put everything around me into a different, magical light, and the world of Harry Potter comes in to mine, making ordinary things and people look strange.

E−2: Thought, well, maybe other books can do that too. Now I just love reading.

F−5: ... felt a little better, as if I was sharing my problems with friends. And the funny moments in the books cheered me up.

Пояснение к заданию 2

John: I’m sorry, what was your name again?
Ruth: My name is Ruth Archibald.
John: OK, Ruth, are you from Ireland?
Ruth: Yes, I am.
John: I’ve noticed yours light Irish accent.
Ruth: Really? I thought I lost my Irish accent after moving south, from Ireland to Spain.
John: What was it like going from Ireland to Spain?
Ruth: Ah, it was a depressing change I guess. I had long term friends back home, you know, friends from school, and there we resome boys and girls I’ve known since I was born. I needed to make new friends and to find a place to hang out. But it’s OK now.
John: I’ve never been to Ireland. What’s famous about Ireland that you can tell me about?
Ruth: Probably the most famous things are Guinness and Irish clog-dance — dancing in wooden shoes.
John: Do you dance in wooden shoes?
Ruth: Unfortunately not. I think only a few people can do this.
John: I’ve heard that people’s manners are pretty rough and ready in Ireland. Is that true?
Ruth: No, I don’t think so. I think it depends on where you go in Ireland. In the capital, yes, maybe people are a bit less polite, but in the country side they’re very warm and friendly.
John: OK, so if I went to a bar or a disco in Ireland, would there be any risk of getting in to trouble?
Ruth: I don’t think so. No. No. It’s really safe. You don’t really think that all Irish people are rude and short-tempered.
John: Oh, no. No.... And where exactly are you from?
Ruth: I’m from a place called Bray, which is maybe an hour’s drive from the capital, Dublin but far away from the main industrial centres. It’s clean and calm.
John: What is the geography like?
Ruth: It’s pretty flat. There are some hills but none of them are very high and the area around the city has been intensively cultivated — there’s a lot of farming, particularly beef and dairy products and also sheep. There are lots of sheep.
John: When are you going back?
Ruth: I’ve just been there. I went back in December for three weeks, so at the moment I have no plans to go home in the near future, but maybe sometime in September I’ll go again.
John: Maybe I’ll go and visit it sometime.
Ruth: Definitely. It’s really good. It’s a really nice place to visit.

A−2. I’ve noticed yours light Irish accent.

В−3. Нет информации.

С−3. Нет информации.

D−1. I think it depends on where you goin Ireland. In the capital, yes, maybe people are a bit less polite, but in the country side they’re very warm and friendly.

E−2. A place called Bray, which is maybe an hour’s drive from the capital, Dublin but far away from the main industrial centres. It’s clean and calm.

F−2. It’s pretty flat. There are some hills but none of them are very high.

G−1. I have no plans to go home in the near future, but maybe some time in September I’ll go again.

Пояснение к заданию 3

Presenter: With us in the studio today we have the owner of famous British Vintage Inns. Good afternoon, Mr. Mitchell.
Michael Mitchell: Good afternoon, but, please, call me Michael.
Presenter: So, Michael, what is so special about Vintage Inns for Englishmen or tourists?
Michael Mitchell: I must say one of our greatest advantages is that we are in really prime places. Imagine a summer’s day, a river gently flowing past as you enjoy a light lunch or an evening meal with friends. Or, maybe, it is winter and you sit in front of a log fire. Our inns are always in a quaint village in the heart of the English country side which makes it attractive for both nostalgic British people and enthusiastic tourists.
Presenter: As I understand, most of your inns have their own gardens.
Michael Mitchell: Yes, it is certainly true. They are every bit as pleasant as the places the inns are in – ideal for a meal in fine weather, which is, of course, seasonal.
Presenter: Still, competition is high in your sphere. Being not so close to centers of big cities, what do you do to make sure people will drive specially to you?
Michael Mitchell: Actually, I do nothing special to attract potential customers. You see, I do not have to as the inns are generally located in places worth visiting and many are close to enchanting walks. Very often there is a Vintage Inn close to a stately home or a historic village or another tourist attraction. What could be a better way to spend a day off with your family? Even London pubs cannot offert his.
Presenter: Any chain store risks becoming boring for clients as they all look exactly the same. What do you think about this opinion?
Michael Mitchell: I’d like to say that every Vintage Inn is different, but they are all the same. All our inns will definitely offer the same high quality menu and standards of service. All our land lords and ladies share the same passion for ‘getting it right’. However, each Vintage Inn has its own unique character. You will discover thatched roofs, soft, natural slate, buildings of hewn stone. There are Tudor, Georgian, Victorian and many more styles of architecture, including modern ones.
Presenter: What about food in Vintage Inns?
Michael Mitchell: What we offer is best described as leaning towards traditional home style cooking but with a contemporary twist. Still, we do allow the best of great food from around the world to add a little influence on what we do. Many of our dishes are our own creation – and all dishes are designed to look tempting and great on the plate.
Presenter: Is there a difference between an afternoon menu and an evening one?
Michael Mitchell: Well, on working days at lunch time you can choose anything from a range of sandwiches to full three-course meals. Our evening meals also offer lighter choices but includes fish, chicken, pasta, salads, steaks and piestoo. On Sundays we include a choice of traditional roasts and puddings.
Presenter: What is your booking policy? You must have a long line of people wishing to visit your places!
Michael Mitchell: I know many people prefer to book for their Friday dinner well before hand. Never the less, in fact, at Vintage Inns you cannot book! That is because we are always ready to welcome you – seven days a week. Just turn up and we will make you feel welcome, even if you choose to come at the busiest time. As soon as a table is vacant, you can have it.
Presenter: Thank you, Michael.
Michael Mitchell: Pleasure.

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Текст прошел проверку у экспертов «ИнПро» ®
педагог по английскому и немецкому
педагог по английскому и китайскому
педагог по английскому языку
Ирина Михайловна
методист образовательного холдинга «ИнПро»

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